ERIE RAILROAD FAMILY TREE
The following are many of the companies that went into the formation of the Erie Railroad Company as it would stand
before merger with the Lackawanna in 1960:
1.Arnot & Pine Creek RR
2.Avon,Geneseo & Mt. Morris RR
3.Bath and Hammondsport RR (now part of Livonia,Avon & Lakeville RR)
4.Bergen County Railroad
5.Bergen and Dundee Railroad
6.Blossburg Coal Company Railroad
7.Buffalo,Bradford& Pittsburgh Railroad
8.Buffalo and Southwestern Railroad
9.Chicago and Erie Railroad
10.Cleveland and Mahoning Valley Railroad
11.Columbus and Erie Railroad
12.Elmira State Line Railroad
13.Erie and Wyoming Valley RR
14.Erie Railway Buffalo Branch
15.Genesee River Railroad
16.Goshen and Deckertown Railroad
18.Long Dock Company
19.Middletown and Crawford Railroad
20.Montgomery and Erie Railroad
21.Moosic Mountain and Carbondale RR
22.Newark and Hudson Railroad
23.Newburgh and New York Railroad
24.New York and Greenwood Lake Railway
25.Northern Railroad of New Jersey
26.Rochester and Genesee Valley Railroad
27.Nyack and Northern Railroad
28.Paterson and Hudson River Railroad
29.Paterson and Ramapo Railroad
30.Penhorn Creek Railroad
31.Paterson,Newark and New York Railroad
32.New York and Erie Railroad (parent company)
33.New York,Lake Erie & Western Railroad & Coal Co.(reorganization of NY&E)
34.Erie Railway (reorganization of NYLE&W RR & Coal Company)
35.New York,Pennsylvania and Ohio Railroad(reorganization of the Atlantic and Great Western.
36.Pennsylvania Coal Company
39.Western Coal and Iron Railroad
40.Youngstown and Austintown Railway
42.New Jersey and New York Railroad
These companies made up much of what would be the Erie Railroad in the 20th Century as it would stand before the
Famed as an innovative railroad, that,though short on cash,lived by its wits, the Erie Railroad
pioneered in the following "firsts" in the railroad industry:
1.First sleeping cars,1843
2.First railroad over 400 miles long,1851
3.First trunkline railroad to link the Atlantic Ocean with the Great Lakes.
4.First railroad to use the 6 foot track gauge(converted to standard in 1881).
5.First railroad to transport California fresh fruit to New York.
6.First railroad to ship milk-1842.
7.First railroad to use American made rail-1847.
8.First railroad to use air brakes,1869.
9.First railroad to use telegraph to direct train operations.1851.
10.First railroad to use bell cord for signalling,1842.
11.First railroad to use ticket punch.
12.first railroad to provide tank cars for movement of oil from wells.
It was these and other innovations that enabled the Erie Railroad to survive as long as it did before being merged with
the rival Lackawanna and the resulting railroad born in 1960 disappeared into Conrail in 1976. When the Erie Lackawanna
Estate was liquidated in the 1990s, the last of the debt bonds connected to the 43 companies making up the Erie
family tree was paid off as were those of the Lackawanna Railroad and the merged Erie Lackawanna Railroad.
ERIE RAILROAD TIMELINE
The following are a few of the key events that took place during the Erie Railroad's
century and 9 years lifetime:
1.April,1832,Erie Railroad is Chartered from Hudson's banks to shores of Lake Erie..
2.May,1851.Erie Railroad is completed to Dunkirk,NY. Also that same year, telegraph is first
used to direct train operations by Superintendent Charles Minot.
3.1861.New York and Erie is reorganized as the Erie Railway(first bankruptcy reorganization).
4.1863.Erie Railway leases the Buffalo and Southwestern Railroad, giving the Erie a second entry to
5.1875.Bankrupt Erie Railway sold and reorganized as New York,Lake Erie & Western.(2nd bankruptcy).
6.6-24-1880.Erie Railroad is reduced to standard gauge of 4ft8in. from 6 foot gauge then in use,
allowing it to interchange with other railroads and giving it the generous high and wide clearances
that would make the Erie famous.
1893.New York,Lake Erie,and Western goes bankrupt again (3rd bankruptcy).Reorganized as the Erie Railroad Company in
1905.Erie Railroad charters the Columbus and Erie Railroad to build a low grade line from Columbus,PA to Niobe,NY
1910.Erie Railroad constructs a freight bypass linking Cuba Jct. on the Chicago main line with River Jct.(just
east of the Genesee River) on the Buffalo-Hornell line..
1944.First Road freight diesel, and EMD FT four unit locomotive is placed in service.
1946. First three unit passenger diesel locomotive placed in service...
1953. Erie Railroad is completely dieselized.
1956. Erie Railroad shifts passenger operations to Lackawanna's Hoboken Terminal.
1959.Erie and Lackawanna railroads coordinate trackage between Binghamton and Corning,NY,marking the end of
the Lackawanna main line as a through route between those points.
October 17,1960.Erie Railroad is merged with the Delaware,Lackawanna and Western Railroad, forming the Erie
Lackawanna Railroad Company.
PRESIDENTS OF THE ERIE RAILROAD
Key to the functioning of the Erie Railroad was the leadership provided by its presidents throughout the
railroad's lifetime.. The following are the men who provided the leadership:
1.Eleazer Lord,,Sept..1833-October 1835,October 1839-May,1841,andOctober 1844 to July,1845
2.James G. King,October,1835-October 1839
5.Horatio Allen,October 1843 to October 1844
6.James Hooper,July,1845 to August,1845
7.Benjamin Loder,August 1845 to October,1853
8.Homer Ramsdell,October 1853 to October,1857
9.Charles Moran,October 1857 toAugust,1859
10.Samuel Marsh, October 1869 to April,1861 and July1864 to October,1864
11.Nathaniel Marsh,April,1861 to July,,1864
12.Robert H. Berdell,October,1864 to October,1867
13.John S. Eldridge, October 1867 to July,,1868
14.Jay Gould, July,1868 to March,,1872
15.John A. Dix,March,1872 to July,1872
16.Peter H. Watson, July,1872 to July,1874
17.Hugh J. Jewett,July,1874 toOctober,,1884
18.John King,October,1884 to November,1894
19.Ebenn B...Thomas, November,1894 to May,1901
20.Frederick D. Underwood, May,1901 to January,1927
21.John J. Bernet,January,1927 to May,1929
22.Charles E. Denny, May,1929 to October,1939
23.Robert E. Woodruff, October,1941 to October,1949
24.Paul W.. Johnston, October,1949 to October,1956
25.Harry W. Von Willer, October,1956 to October,1960. Last Erie President. Mr. von Willer served as
Erie Lackawanna president and CEO for a short time after the October 17,1960 merger then stepped
down for health reasons.. He was the last president of the Erie Railroad.
1956 PROFILE OF THE ERIE RAILROAD
Miles of first main track;2014.64
Miles of additional main track:1015.89
Miles of yard tracks and sidings,1542.55
TOTAL ALL TRACKS:4574.08 to which the following are added:
Controlled through ownership of majority of stock:
First Main:18.03 miles,Yard Tracks & Sidings,23..18, Total 41.21
Operated under Contract for Contingent Rent;
First Main;6.35,Add. Main;1..47, Yard tracks;; 2.10,total,9.92
Trackage rights granted by other companies:
1st main;168.11 additionall maiin;257.18, yard;184.79, total;610.08
total miles of road operated: 5234.42
Restricted Trackage rights not otherwise included:
1st main;112.55 mi,additional main;31.72,yard;16.61, total 160..88
Owned but not operated, leased to others;001.10
Grand Total:5395.40 miles
EQUIPMENT OWNED 1956
Diesel Freight Locomotives,149
Diesel Passenger; 28
Diesel Freight or Passenger;52
Total locomotives: 381
Freight Cars Owned
b.Gondolas and Hoppers,8979
total freight cars: 20790
Passenger cars owned
Total passenger cars:567
Marine Equipment Owned
Total Marine equipment: 207
Company Service Equipment
Official cars 5
Camp cars 110
Gravel Dump 13
Material and Supply,316
Other Company service,,87
Total Company service equipment;743
A.Western District, total 1278.3 miles
1.Marion division, 269.5 miles
2.Kent Division,202.5 miles
4.Allegheny-Meadville Division;435.6 miles
B.Eastern District, totalll 1256..0 miles
1.Buffalo-Rochester Division,,240.1 miles
2.Susquehanna Division,611.1 miles
3.Wyoming Division, 77.2 miles
4.New York Division,327.6 miles
STATIONS ON THE ERIE RAILROAD
1.New York Divisioon, 224
Total Stations, Eastern District;; 489
a.Allegheny-Meadville Division, 118
Total Western District;318
Total Erie Railroad;817 stations.
Train Order Offices
Total Erie Railroad;159
Major Terminals: Croxton,NJ,Hornell,NY,East Buffalo,Youngstown,Cleveland,Marion and Dayton,Ohio. Also
Port Jervis and Binghamton,NY.
ERIE RAILROAD PASSENGER OPERATIONS
These consisted of three pairs of trains betweenn Hoboken(Jersey City) and Chicago consisting of nos..1 and 2 The Erie
Limited, 5 and 6 The Lake Cities, No.7 The Pacific Express, and no.8 The Atlantic express. In addition,
there were serveral paiirs of trains between Cleveland and Youngstown, Ohio, some of them continuing on to
Pittsburgh,Washington, and Baltimore. In addition, the Erie had the extensive and expensive commuter
operaation in the east on its New York Divisioon. Each through line train required two sets of equipment to maaintain
daily service.. The following is a sample consist for the through line service.. It is for Train No.6 The
Lake Cities and is dated 1956>
Train No.6 THE LAKE CITIES
Engine 832 E8A
Engine 833 E8A
217 lightweight express
202 lightweiight express
624 Mail-dorm, lightweight
1014 rebuilt heavyweight coach
1002 rebuilt heavyweight coach
1011 rebuilt heavyweight coach
943 rebuilt heavyweightdiner
American Unity,, 6 section,6 roomette,,4 double bedroom
Elezar Lore, lightweight Pullmman 10--6
Scenic Ridge Pullman, 4 sec.,,6 roomettes, 4DB, rebuilt heavyweight. At each end of the run, each set of equipment
was cleaned and service for the return trip.
Normal operation of the E8 diesels was in numbered pairs. In the sample consist of train No.6 The Lake Cities, 832
was in the lead with 833's nose against the first car in the train, since that unit would be in the lead when the train was
turned for No.5 to Chicago. Typical operating cycle of the E8s would work like this. 821-820 on No.1 at Hornell, thence work
their way to Chicago, then through to New York,then back through to Chicago,then back to Hornell,
where the units would be changed out and a fresh pair of units put on the train that 820-821 came in from Chicago on, then
that pair would begin a Hornell-New York-Chicago-New York-Hornell cycle and so on. If one unit of a pair needed shopping,say
for overhaul, and the like, an Alco PA or some other passenger equipped locomotive would be substituted as the second
unit. This operation of the Erie E8s continued into 1961 at which time the ex DL&W E8s were made compatible to run
with the Erie units on passenger trains. This allowed three units to be used on any train that needed more than
two units to maintain schedule..The Alco PAs usually worked New Jersey commuter trains with the Alco RS3s and GP7s as
well as the Cleveland trains. So if the Road Foreman had one available to pinch hit for an E8,it went on the train
with the remaining E8 of the pair while the unit needing shopping got worked on. It was the ex DL&W
units that underwent the most drastic changes, in addition to the same kind of sanders the Erie E8s used, the ex DL&W
E8s had their three horn cluster on the engineer's side replaced with a Nathan 3 chime horn of the same type used
on the Erie E8s, though 816 did not get its horns changed out until well into the mid 1960s. It was after
1961 that the Erie and DL&W E8s could be run mixed together on the same train, regardless of numbering and which
unit was in the lead.
ERIE RAILROAD FREIGHT OPERATIONS
If one were to examine a reprint of the September 28,1941 Erie Railroad Freight Schedules booklet, one would be able
to surmise that much of the railroad's freight traffic was perishables, such as meats, fruits, vegitables headed for the New
York area as well as New England and New York State's Capitol District via Delaware and Hudson. For this traffic, the railroad
maintained icing stations at Marion,Ohio and Hornell,NY for servicing refrigerator cars as needed since mechanical units had
not yet arrived on the railroad scene. These icing stations continued in use into the early Erie Lackawanna years as did many
of the traffic patterns shown in the 1941 through freight schedule book, though some train symbols had been changed. Before
the 1960 merger with the Lackawanna, such trains as 74,98,77,99 and 100 (the later two mid 1950s additions) developed into
families of trains, each going to a different destination. Examples of this were 98,NE98,NY98,RC98 and NE74,NY74 to name a
few. What is remarkable about Erie freight operations is that the perishable traffic held up well
into the 1960s, after the merger with the Lackawanna was consummated., this even after mechanical refrigerator
cars came along to handle this traffic, which later became a victim of government subsidized highway competition. As coal
traffic revenues shrank, the Erie, like its neighbors, sought to make up for this by the inauguration of
piggyback service. As a result, the Erie Railroad's two hottest freights; NY 99 and NY 100, dubbed the "Flying
Saucers" by operating personnel later became solid or primarily piggyback trains. Successor Erie Lackawanna
added an unusual twist to its piggyback service by inaugurating piggyback service as part of passenger
trains 7 and 8, the Pacific and Atlantic Expresses, which were accommodatiion trains that handled primarily
baggage,mail, and express. One or two piggyback cars, each with two trailers aboard, was placed behind the locomotive on these
two trains. As the passenger service began its downward spiral, the piggyback service was later confined to the freight
service side of the coin.
ERIE RAILROAD-PORTIONS STILL IN OPERATION AND BY WHOM
1.Buffalo-Hornell-Port Jervis-Hoboken; Norfolk Southernn and NJ TRansit
2.Hornell-Olean-Salamanca-Jamestown-Meadville, WNY&P RR.
3.Pascack Valley Line, NJ Transit
4.Avon,NY to Mortimer, LA&L
7.Spencerville to Glenmore, Indiana and Ohio RR
8.Buffalo to Gowanda, Buffalo Southern
9.Gowanda to Waterboro, New York and Lake Eriie RR
There are various bits and pieces of the Erie in Ohio still in operation. Much of the line across Ohio has been
chopped up. In Indiana , only the North Judson to Monterey stretch remains in operation. This list only shows the main
portions of the Erie still in operation.