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The Lackawanna Express

Erie Railroad Company
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Here we  will  cover the Erie Railroad Company briefly between the time the railroad was chartered in 1835 and  merged with the Delaware,Lackawanna & Western  Railroad  on October 17,1960. Covered will be the railroad's  family  tree, firsts in the railroad industry attributed to the Erie, profiles of operating districts,  the  freight,passenger   and commuter operations, and above all,  the people who  made it  all work.

ERIE RAILROAD FAMILY TREE
The following are many of the companies that went into the formation of the Erie  Railroad Company as it would stand before merger with  the Lackawanna in 1960:
1.Arnot & Pine Creek RR
2.Avon,Geneseo & Mt. Morris RR
3.Bath  and Hammondsport RR (now part of Livonia,Avon   & Lakeville RR)
4.Bergen County Railroad
5.Bergen and Dundee Railroad
6.Blossburg Coal Company Railroad
7.Buffalo,Bradford& Pittsburgh Railroad
8.Buffalo and Southwestern Railroad
9.Chicago and Erie Railroad
10.Cleveland   and Mahoning Valley Railroad
11.Columbus and Erie Railroad
12.Elmira State  Line Railroad
13.Erie   and Wyoming Valley RR
14.Erie Railway Buffalo Branch
15.Genesee River Railroad
16.Goshen  and Deckertown Railroad
17.Jefferson Railroad
18.Long Dock Company
19.Middletown   and Crawford Railroad
20.Montgomery and Erie Railroad
21.Moosic Mountain and Carbondale RR
22.Newark  and Hudson Railroad
23.Newburgh and New York Railroad
24.New York and Greenwood Lake Railway
25.Northern Railroad of New Jersey
26.Rochester  and Genesee Valley Railroad
27.Nyack and Northern Railroad
28.Paterson and Hudson River Railroad
29.Paterson and Ramapo Railroad
30.Penhorn Creek Railroad
31.Paterson,Newark and New York Railroad
32.New York and Erie Railroad (parent company)
33.New York,Lake Erie & Western Railroad & Coal Co.(reorganization of NY&E)
34.Erie Railway   (reorganization of NYLE&W RR  & Coal Company)
35.New York,Pennsylvania and Ohio Railroad(reorganization of the Atlantic and Great Western.
36.Pennsylvania Coal Company
37.Tioga Railroad
38.Union Railroad
39.Western Coal and Iron Railroad
40.Youngstown and Austintown Railway
41.Sharon Railway
42.New Jersey and New York Railroad
These companies made up much of what would be the Erie Railroad in the 20th Century  as it would stand before the 1960 merger.
Famed  as  an innovative railroad, that,though  short on cash,lived by its wits, the Erie Railroad pioneered in the  following "firsts" in  the railroad industry:
1.First sleeping cars,1843
2.First railroad over 400 miles long,1851
3.First trunkline railroad to link the Atlantic Ocean with the Great  Lakes.
4.First railroad to use the 6  foot track gauge(converted   to standard in 1881).
5.First railroad   to transport California fresh fruit to New York.
6.First railroad to ship milk-1842.
7.First railroad to use American made rail-1847.
8.First railroad to use air brakes,1869.
9.First railroad to  use telegraph to direct train operations.1851.
10.First railroad to use bell cord for signalling,1842.
11.First railroad to use ticket punch.
12.first railroad to provide  tank cars for movement of oil from wells.
It was these and other innovations that enabled the Erie Railroad to survive as long as it did before being merged with the rival Lackawanna and the resulting railroad born in 1960  disappeared into Conrail in 1976. When the Erie Lackawanna Estate was liquidated in the 1990s,  the last of the debt bonds connected to the 43 companies making up the Erie  family tree was paid off as were those of the Lackawanna Railroad and  the merged Erie  Lackawanna Railroad.
ERIE   RAILROAD TIMELINE
The   following are   a few of the key events that took place during the Erie  Railroad's century and  9 years lifetime:
1.April,1832,Erie Railroad is Chartered from  Hudson's banks to shores of Lake Erie..
2.May,1851.Erie Railroad is completed to Dunkirk,NY. Also  that  same year, telegraph  is first  used to  direct train operations by Superintendent Charles Minot.
3.1861.New York and Erie  is  reorganized  as the Erie Railway(first bankruptcy reorganization).
4.1863.Erie Railway leases the  Buffalo and Southwestern Railroad, giving the Erie  a  second entry to   Buffalo.
5.1875.Bankrupt Erie Railway  sold  and reorganized as  New York,Lake Erie & Western.(2nd bankruptcy).
6.6-24-1880.Erie Railroad is reduced   to  standard gauge of 4ft8in. from 6  foot gauge then in use, allowing it to  interchange with other railroads  and giving it the generous high and  wide clearances that  would make the Erie   famous.
1893.New York,Lake Erie,and Western goes bankrupt again (3rd bankruptcy).Reorganized as the Erie Railroad Company in 1895.
1905.Erie Railroad charters the  Columbus and Erie Railroad to build a low grade line from Columbus,PA to Niobe,NY
1910.Erie Railroad constructs a freight bypass linking Cuba Jct. on  the Chicago main line with  River Jct.(just  east of the Genesee River) on the Buffalo-Hornell line..
1944.First Road freight diesel,  and EMD FT four unit locomotive is placed in service.
1946. First  three unit  passenger diesel locomotive placed in  service...
1953. Erie Railroad is completely dieselized.
1956. Erie Railroad shifts passenger operations to  Lackawanna's Hoboken Terminal.
1959.Erie and Lackawanna railroads coordinate trackage between Binghamton and  Corning,NY,marking the end of the Lackawanna main line as  a  through route between those points.
October 17,1960.Erie Railroad is merged with the Delaware,Lackawanna   and Western Railroad, forming the Erie  Lackawanna  Railroad Company.
PRESIDENTS OF  THE ERIE RAILROAD
Key  to the functioning of the Erie Railroad  was the leadership provided by its presidents throughout the railroad's  lifetime.. The   following are the men who provided the leadership:
1.Eleazer  Lord,,Sept..1833-October 1835,October 1839-May,1841,andOctober 1844 to July,1845
2.James G. King,October,1835-October 1839
3.James Bowen,May,,1841-December,1842
4.William Maxwell,December,1842-October,1843
5.Horatio Allen,October 1843 to October 1844
6.James Hooper,July,1845 to August,1845
7.Benjamin Loder,August 1845 to October,1853
8.Homer Ramsdell,October  1853 to   October,1857
9.Charles Moran,October 1857  toAugust,1859
10.Samuel  Marsh,  October 1869 to April,1861  and   July1864 to  October,1864
11.Nathaniel Marsh,April,1861 to July,,1864
12.Robert  H. Berdell,October,1864 to October,1867
13.John S. Eldridge, October 1867 to July,,1868
14.Jay Gould, July,1868  to   March,,1872
15.John A. Dix,March,1872 to  July,1872
16.Peter H. Watson,  July,1872 to   July,1874
17.Hugh J. Jewett,July,1874 toOctober,,1884
18.John King,October,1884 to    November,1894
19.Ebenn  B...Thomas,  November,1894    to May,1901
20.Frederick D. Underwood, May,1901 to   January,1927
21.John J. Bernet,January,1927 to   May,1929
22.Charles E. Denny, May,1929  to October,1939
23.Robert E. Woodruff, October,1941 to October,1949
24.Paul W.. Johnston, October,1949 to   October,1956
25.Harry W. Von Willer, October,1956 to  October,1960. Last Erie President.  Mr. von Willer  served as Erie  Lackawanna president and CEO for a  short  time after the October 17,1960 merger then   stepped down for health reasons.. He was   the last president of the Erie Railroad.
1956 PROFILE OF  THE ERIE RAILROAD
Miles of first main track;2014.64
Miles of additional main track:1015.89
Miles of yard tracks and sidings,1542.55
TOTAL ALL TRACKS:4574.08 to  which the following are  added:
Controlled through ownership of majority of stock:
First  Main:18.03 miles,Yard Tracks & Sidings,23..18, Total 41.21
Not Controlled..........................................................Total.0.13
Operated under Contract for Contingent Rent;
First Main;6.35,Add. Main;1..47, Yard tracks;; 2.10,total,9.92
Trackage  rights granted by other companies:
1st main;168.11 additionall maiin;257.18, yard;184.79, total;610.08
total miles of road operated: 5234.42
Restricted Trackage rights not otherwise included:
1st main;112.55 mi,additional main;31.72,yard;16.61, total 160..88
Owned but  not operated, leased to others;001.10
Grand Total:5395.40 miles
EQUIPMENT   OWNED 1956
Diesel Freight  Locomotives,149
Diesel  Passenger; 28
Diesel  Freight or  Passenger;52
Diesel  switcher;152
Total locomotives: 381
Freight Cars Owned
a.Boxcars, 11147
b.Gondolas and Hoppers,8979
c.flatcars,508
d.stock cars,,,63
e.cabooses,263
total freight cars: 20790
Passenger cars owned
Coaches;333
Combination coach,10
Parlor cars,4
Sleeping cars,20
Dining cars,9
Baggage-Mail,15
Bagage--Express,30
Express,52
Milk Cars,94
Rider  Cars,2
Total passenger cars:567
Marine Equipment Owned
Ferryboats,   4
diesel tugboats,11
covered barges,101
open barges,63
car floats;26
steam hoists,2
Total Marine equipment: 207
Company Service Equipment
Official cars              5
Ballast                     1
Camp   cars           110
Cinder                      5
Gravel Dump           13
Material  and Supply,316
Tool,derrick,steam hoist,,216
Other Company service,,87
Total Company  service  equipment;743
OPERATING  DISTRICTS
A.Western District, total  1278.3 miles
1.Marion division, 269.5 miles
2.Kent Division,202.5 miles
3.Mahoning Division,370.7miles
4.Allegheny-Meadville Division;435.6 miles
B.Eastern District, totalll 1256..0 miles
1.Buffalo-Rochester Division,,240.1 miles
2.Susquehanna Division,611.1 miles
3.Wyoming Division, 77.2 miles
4.New York Division,327.6 miles
STATIONS ON THE ERIE RAILROAD
1.New York Divisioon, 224
2.Susquehanna Division,118
3.Wyoming Division,79
4.Buffalo-Rochester Division,68
Total Stations, Eastern District;; 489
Western District
a.Allegheny-Meadville Division, 118
b.Mahoning Division,,88
c.Kent  Division,56
d.Mariion Division,66
Total Western District;318
Total Erie Railroad;817  stations.
Train  Order Offices
Western District,76
Eastern District,83
Total Erie Railroad;159
Major  Terminals: Croxton,NJ,Hornell,NY,East Buffalo,Youngstown,Cleveland,Marion   and Dayton,Ohio. Also Port Jervis and Binghamton,NY.
ERIE RAILROAD PASSENGER OPERATIONS
These consisted of three pairs of trains betweenn Hoboken(Jersey City) and Chicago consisting of nos..1 and 2 The Erie Limited, 5 and 6 The Lake  Cities, No.7 The Pacific Express,  and no.8 The Atlantic express. In  addition, there were serveral paiirs of trains between Cleveland and Youngstown, Ohio, some of them continuing on to      Pittsburgh,Washington,   and Baltimore.  In addition, the Erie  had the extensive and expensive commuter operaation in the east on its New York Divisioon. Each  through line train required two sets of equipment to  maaintain daily   service.. The following is a sample consist for the through line  service.. It is for Train No.6 The Lake Cities  and is dated 1956>
Train No.6 THE LAKE CITIES
Engine 832     E8A
Engine 833     E8A
217 lightweight express
202 lightweiight express
624 Mail-dorm, lightweight
1014 rebuilt heavyweight  coach
1002 rebuilt heavyweight coach
1011 rebuilt heavyweight coach
943 rebuilt heavyweightdiner
sleepers:
American Unity,,  6 section,6 roomette,,4 double bedroom
Elezar Lore, lightweight Pullmman 10--6
Scenic Ridge Pullman, 4 sec.,,6 roomettes,  4DB, rebuilt heavyweight. At each end of the run, each set of equipment was cleaned and service for the return  trip.
Normal operation of the E8 diesels was in numbered pairs. In the sample consist of train No.6 The Lake Cities, 832  was in the lead with 833's nose against the first car in the train, since that unit would be in the lead when the train was turned for No.5 to Chicago. Typical operating cycle of the E8s would work like this. 821-820 on No.1 at Hornell, thence work their way to Chicago, then through  to  New York,then  back through to Chicago,then  back to Hornell, where the units would be changed out and a fresh pair of units put on the train that 820-821 came in from Chicago on, then that pair would begin a Hornell-New York-Chicago-New York-Hornell cycle and so  on. If one unit of a pair needed shopping,say for overhaul, and the like, an Alco PA or  some other passenger equipped locomotive would be substituted as the second unit. This operation of the Erie E8s continued into 1961 at which time the ex DL&W  E8s were made compatible to run with the Erie units on passenger trains. This  allowed three  units to be used on any train that needed more than two units to maintain  schedule..The Alco PAs usually worked New Jersey commuter trains with the Alco RS3s and GP7s as well as the Cleveland trains. So if  the Road Foreman had one available to  pinch hit for an E8,it went on the train with  the remaining E8 of the pair while the unit needing shopping got worked on. It was   the ex DL&W units that underwent the most drastic changes, in  addition to the same kind of sanders the Erie E8s used, the ex DL&W E8s had their three horn cluster on the engineer's  side replaced with a Nathan 3 chime horn of the same  type used on the Erie E8s,  though 816 did not get its horns changed out until well into the mid 1960s. It was  after 1961 that the Erie and DL&W E8s could be run mixed together on the  same train, regardless of numbering and which unit was in the  lead.
ERIE RAILROAD FREIGHT OPERATIONS
If one were to examine a reprint of the September 28,1941 Erie Railroad Freight Schedules booklet, one would be able to surmise that much of the railroad's freight traffic was perishables, such as meats, fruits, vegitables headed for the New York area as well as New England and New York State's Capitol District via Delaware and Hudson. For this traffic, the railroad maintained icing stations at Marion,Ohio and Hornell,NY for servicing refrigerator cars as needed since mechanical units had not yet arrived on the railroad scene. These icing stations continued in use into the early Erie Lackawanna years as did many of the traffic patterns shown in the 1941 through freight schedule book, though some train symbols had been changed. Before the 1960 merger with the Lackawanna, such trains as 74,98,77,99 and 100 (the later two mid 1950s additions) developed into families of trains, each going to a different destination. Examples of this were 98,NE98,NY98,RC98 and NE74,NY74 to name a few.  What is remarkable about  Erie freight operations is   that the perishable traffic held up well into the  1960s, after the merger with the Lackawanna  was consummated., this even after mechanical refrigerator cars came along to handle this traffic, which later became a victim of government subsidized highway competition. As coal traffic revenues shrank,  the Erie, like its neighbors, sought to make up for   this by the inauguration of  piggyback service. As a result, the Erie Railroad's two hottest freights; NY 99 and NY 100, dubbed    the "Flying Saucers" by operating personnel later became solid or primarily  piggyback   trains. Successor Erie Lackawanna added an unusual twist to its piggyback  service by  inaugurating  piggyback service as part of  passenger trains 7 and  8, the Pacific and Atlantic Expresses, which were   accommodatiion trains that handled primarily baggage,mail, and express. One or two piggyback cars, each with two trailers aboard, was placed behind the locomotive on these two trains. As the passenger  service began its downward spiral, the piggyback service was later confined to the freight service side of the coin.
 
ERIE RAILROAD-PORTIONS STILL IN OPERATION AND BY WHOM
1.Buffalo-Hornell-Port Jervis-Hoboken; Norfolk Southernn  and NJ TRansit
2.Hornell-Olean-Salamanca-Jamestown-Meadville, WNY&P RR.
3.Pascack Valley Line, NJ Transit
4.Avon,NY  to Mortimer, LA&L
5.Cleveland-Mantua, NS
6.Attica----Alexander, NS
7.Spencerville to Glenmore, Indiana and Ohio RR
8.Buffalo  to Gowanda, Buffalo Southern
9.Gowanda to Waterboro, New York and Lake Eriie RR
There are  various bits and pieces of the Erie in Ohio still in operation. Much of the line across Ohio has been chopped up. In Indiana , only the North Judson  to Monterey stretch remains in operation. This list only shows the main portions of the Erie still in operation.

This  section contains sample passenger  and freight schedules as well as the Erie's final diesel roster. Since the Erie gained a reputation as a fast freight railroad as well as for its fine passenger  service, I felt it fitting to begin with a few sample freight schedules as taken from the system public timetable of April 27,1941 since these are the only such schedules available.
Table 1. Train 98. Chicago  to Croxton Manifest
Lv Chicago....................1730
Lv Hammond................1900
Lv Huntington,IN.........0140       Day 1
Lv Lima,OH...................0340
Ar  Marion......................0630
Lv Marion......................0930  EST
Lv Akron.......................1150
Lv Kent.........................1400
Lv Youngstown..........0730          Day 2
Lv New Castle............0800
Lv Sharon...................1030
Lv Meadville,PA........1710
Ar Hornell,NY.............0015           Day 3
Lv Hornell,NY............0215
Ar Elmira.....................0330
Ar Binghamton.........0545
Ar Paterson,NJ........0030             Day4
Ar Newark................0630
Ar Croxton,NJ..........1615
Table 2. Train 77 Croxton to Chicago
Lv Croxton.............................0115   M
Ar Port Jervis........................0430
LvPort Jervis........................0530
Ar Susquehanna..................0915
Lv Susquehanna.................0945
Ar Hornell..............................1340
LvHornell..............................1430
Ar Salamanca......................1700
Lv Salamanca......................1730
Lv Jamestown.....................1815
Ar Meadville.........................2115        M
Lv Meadville........................2215
Ar Kent.................................0135          T
Lv Kent................................0205
Ar Marion............................0745
Lv Marion...........................1030
Ar Lima...............................1130
Ar Huntington...................1515
Lv Huntington..................1600
Ar Griffith............................2100
Ar Hammond....................2245
Ar Chicago (51st St.)......0001     W
Table 3. Train 90 Buffalo to Newark  Manifest
Lv Buffalo,NY..................0900     Day 0
Ar Hornell........................1300
Lv Hornell........................1500      Day 0
Ar Elmira..........................0100      Day1
Ar Binghamton,NY.......1900       Day 1
Ar Paterson,NJ..............0600      Day 2
Ar Newark.......................0630      Day 2
Table 4. Train 88 Buffalo to Newark  Manifest
Lv Buffalo,NY....................1815
Lv Hornell...........................2050   Day 0
Ar Elmira.............................2330
Ar Binghamton,NY...........0001    Day 1
Ar Newark,NJ....................0730    Day 1
Table 5. Train Adv.  87  Newark to Buffalo  Manifest
Lv Newark,NJ..................1720      Day 0
Lv Binghamton,NY.........0110      Day 1
Lv Elmira...........................0230     Day 1
Lv Hornell.........................0445     Day 1
Ar Buffalo,NY..................0700      Day  1
Table 6. Train 87 Newark to Buffalo Manifest
Lv Newark,NJ.......................2100       Day 0
Lv Binghamton,NY..............0715       Day 1
Lv Elmira................................0930       Day 1
Ar Hornell..............................1130        Day 1
Lv Hornell.............................1245         Day 1
Ar Buffalo,NY.......................1600         Day 1
These were just a few of the many through freight trains the Erie Railroad operated over its mainlines. In addition numerous branch and main line locals were also operated, many of them having timetable schedules printed in the employee timetable of the division on which  these trains were operated. These trains fed traffic into the mainline express freights operated by the Erie. The following few tables are examples of the divisional locals operated by the Erie Railroad in its final years of pre merger operation.
ROCHESTER DIVISION LOCALS
Table 7. Attica Branch Locals (Not all Stations Shown)
145...........75.............Stations...............98.............144
------........1615   L Rochester     A ...0400..........--------
0800.......1725        Avon....................0300.........1500
0815.......1745      Caledonia............0215..........1415
0845.......1825       LeRoy..................0150..........1350
0930.......1925       Batavia................0130...........1330
-------.......1955   A Attica....................0100...........------
Table 8.Wayland Branch
137................Stations....................138
0600.....L..Gang Mills..............A1330
0620........Painted Post..............1305
0635........Campbell....................1230
0705...........Savona....................1210
0720...........Bath..........................1155
0735..........Kanona.....................1125
0750..........Avoca........................1115
0805.........Wallace......................1105
0830.........Cohocton..................1040
0850.........Atlanta........................1025
0905  A....Wayland.............L......0905
Schedules taken from Erie Railroad Buffalo-Rochester division Employee Timetable No.42,10-28-56. To provide power for these  and other  trains, the Erie Railroad dieselized its property by the end of  1953. The motive power roster in effect after that year turned out to be its final diesel roster, which is divided into three parts. Part 1. Diesel Road Locomotives. Part 2. Diesel road Switchers. Part 3. Diesel Yard Switchers.
Diesel Roster.Part 1. Road Diesels
EMD        FT       5400 hp    4 units, 700a-d-706a-d
EMD        F3       6000 hp    4 units, 707a-d-714a-d
EMD        F7       6000 hp    4 units, 715a-d-722a-d
Alco  FA/B1      6000 hp     4 units, 725a-d-732a-d
Alco FA/B2       6400 hp     4 units,735a-d-739a-d
EMD   FP3         4500 hp     3 units, 800abd-805abd
EMD   E8A         2250 hp   single units, 820-833
Alco   PA1         2000 hp    single units,850-859
Alco   PA2         2250 hp    single units, 860-863
Diesel Roster-Part 2. Road Switchers
Alco   RS3         1600 hp       900-927
BLW DRS44-15 1500 hp     1050-1059
BLW DRS66-15 1500 hp     1150-1159
EMD   GP7           1500 hp    1200-1246,1250-1259
EMD   GP9           1750 hp    1260-1265
EMD   GP7Psgr   1500 hp   1400-1405
Diesel Roster-Part 3. Yard Switchers
Alco    HH660         660 hp      302-305
Alco     S-1               600 hp     306-321
EMD     SW1            600 hp     360
BLW  DS44-660     660 hp     381-385
BLW  DS44-750     750 hp     386-389
EMD     NW2           1000hp    401-427
EMD     SW7            1200 hp  428-440
Alco      S-2              1000hp   500-525
Alco      S-4              1000 hp  526-533
BLW  DS44-1000   1000 hp  600-616
BLW    S-12             1200 hp  617-628
BLW     AS16           1600 hp 1106-1120